Before Gentleman Jack became a huge hit on BBC One, many people perhaps had not heard of the real Anne Lister.
She was a formidable woman who lived in 18th century England and blew all convention out of the water…
And had a HELL of a lot of fun doing it.
Anne was F-I-E-R-C-E before the word became on-trend.
But what did she really look like, and how and when did she die?
Here’s everything you need to know about the character who inspired BBC One drama Gentleman Jack.
Who was the real Anne Lister?
Anne Lister is now known as “the first modern lesbian”.
She was from a minor landowning family at Shibden in Calderdale, West Riding of Yorkshire.
Anne inherited Shibden Hall after her aunt’s death in 1836, and her wealth allowed her more freedom than most women at that time.
Although she lived after the so-called Age of Enlightenment, Anne was an extremely controversial figure at the time.
She laughed in the face of convention, and conducted multiple lesbian affairs from her schooldays onwards, often on long trips abroad.
Luckily for historians – and for Gentleman Jack fans – she wrote down her memoirs in her now famous diaries.
A significant relationship was with wealthy heiress Ann Walker, to whom she was notionally ‘married’ in Holy Trinity Church, Goodramgate, York.
In fact, the women took communion together on Easter Sunday in 1834 and thereafter considered themselves married, but without legal recognition.
The city is now celebrated as the birthplace of lesbian marriage in Britain, and the church has a commemorative blue plaque.
Gentleman Jack creator Sally Wainwright describes Anne as “unique and fascinating”.
She adds: “Anne is known primarily as a diarist, and as a great lesbian lover who recorded her adventures with other women in secret code, but there are a myriad other things to know about this extraordinary woman.”
When was she alive?
Anne Lister was born in Halifax on April 03 1791.
Her parents had four sons and two daughters, but only Anne and her younger sister, Marian, survived past 20 years old.
She died on September 22 1840, at the age of 49.
Her life, as recorded in her diaries, detailed her pursuits – both politically and sexually.
Just centuries before, Anne may well have been burned as a witch for her boundary-pushing ways.
What did Anne Lister die of?
Anne Lister, portrayed by Suranne Jones in Gentleman Jack, died on September 22 1840.
She was just 49 when she contracted a fever while travelling in Kutaisi (in Georgia) with Ann Walker.
Ann Walker had Anne Lister’s body embalmed and brought back to the UK.
Anne Lister is now buried in Halifax Minster.
Her tombstone was rediscovered in 2010, having been covered by a floor in 1879.
Who inherited Shibden Hall?
Anne Lister left her estate to her paternal cousins in her will.
But she gave Ann Walker a life interest.
Sadly, Ann Walker was declared insane shortly after Anne Lister’s death.
Ann – played by Sophie Rundle in Gentleman Jack – died in 1854, 14 years after Anne Lister, at the age of 50.
The Grade II listed historic house Shibden Hall is now being used as a museum and is open to the public.
It has been used for filming the likes of Peterloo and, of course, the BBC One series Gentleman Jack.
How were Anne Lister’s diaries found?
Anne Lister wrote her diaries throughout her 49 years of life – and they contain over five million words.
They reveal much about contemporary life in West Yorkshire, including her development of historic Shibden Hall.
Many entries were written in code that wasn’t decrypted until long after her death.
Her descriptions of lesbianism were thought to be a hoax until their authenticity was confirmed.
Around one-sixth of the diary is encrypted in a simple code, combining the Greek alphabet, zodiac, punctuation, and mathematical symbols.
The diaries were found and deciphered by the last inhabitant of Shibden Hall, John Lister.
When John and his friend Arthur Burrell decoded the diaries, Arthur Burrell advised John Lister to burn all the diaries.
Luckily he didn’t.
Instead, he continued to hide Anne Lister’s diaries where he found them – behind a secret panel at Shibden Hall.
What did Anne Lister look like?
Anne is described as having a “masculine appearance” and walk.
She dressed only in black, and was given the unkind nickname of Gentleman Jack.
Historians have discovered that Anne’s lover Mariana Lawton (née Belcombe) was initially ashamed to be seen in public with Anne.
This was as a result of short-sighted comments made on her “muscular” appearance.
Watch Suranne Jones portray Anne Lister in Gentleman Jack on Sunday evenings at 9pm on BBC One.
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